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Archive for the ‘Philosophy’ Category

Identifying Illogical Arguments

ANALYZING SOMEONE ELSE' ARGUMENT!

Part 1:
Please find an argument to analyze.  Be creative!  Some suggestions are to use a commercial, letter to the editor (or op/ed piece).  Analyze the argument you choose.

What is the main purpose of the argument?
Is it inductive?  Deductive?
Are there any fallacies being used?  If so, which ones?
Part 2:
Does the argument align with a philosophical theory or theorist? Choose one philosophical theory or theorist and explain from that perspective what you would change to make the argument better.  Think about the steps that you could use to improve the argument. For example, if you pick Socrates as a theorist think of how Socrates would reflect upon and engage the argument for change. 

Look for common fallacies like:
Circular thinking typically restating the premise in the conclusion and creating a circular argument
Appeals to authority generally this fallacy conside

Week 3 Assignment – Conflicting Viewpoints Essay: Part 1

The assignment is divided into two parts: the prewriting paper (Part 1) due this week, and the essay (Part 2) due in Week 5.

Overview
When looking for information about a particular issue, how often do you try to resist biases toward your own point of view?

This assignment asks you to engage in this aspect of critical thinking by playing the "Believing Game." The Believing Game is about making the effort to "believe," or at least consider, the reasons for an opposing view on an issue.

Instructions
In the Week 2 Discussion, you examined the biases discussed in Chapter 2 of the webtext and reviewed one of the topics from Pros & Cons of Controversial Issues. You may use the same topic from this discussion or find another:
Select one of the topics from Pros & Cons of Controversial Issues, state your position on the issue, and identify three premises (reasons) listed under either the Pro or Con sectionwhichever section opposes your position.
For the

Global warming

[Sian Proctor:] When you are constructing, you need a lot of concrete.  What a lot of people dont realize about concrete is that it actually generates a lot of heat.

[Harry Pritchett, narrator:] When water is added to cement, it causes a chemical reaction that produces heat. ~ from Stargate in the Jungle, Strange Evidence, Science Channel, first aired 6/20/2019.


Write the paragraph to said that why do you agree with these people above and how they are affecting to the environment.

Phl Unit 2 essay

After reading ch. 2 in Justice and then watching Episode 2 at http://www.justiceharvard.org/watch/, answer ONE of the following in a short essay of 250-350 words:


1. When is it morally allowed or permissible to use cost-benefit analysis to put a dollar value on human life? Give some examples. Explain.
  When is the above not allowed? Give some examples and explain your position.
2. What, if anything, do you conclude from Sandels informal video clips experiment (Hamlet, Fear Factor, The Simpsons) about Mill's distinction between higher and lower pleasures? What is his distinction and why does he make it? Make sure you show you understand the distinction.

philosophy essay

Essay I is due in Module 3 (Feb. 10). This assignment is worth a lot of points. I suggest you start thinking about which topic you want to write on. Note that you pick only one topic. You can write on a different topic, but please pass your idea by me first.



Essay Topics I

[1]      Carefully explain the ontological argument as formulated by Anselm. Kant objects to this argument, claiming that existence is not a predicate. Explain Kants objection. Do you think Kants objection undermines the ontological argument? (Your thesis statement should indicate whether you think Kants objection undermines Anselms argument and why you hold this position.)

[2]      Carefully explain the teleological argument for the existence of God. Hume raises a number of interesting objections to this argument. Do you think Humes objections undermine the teleological argument? (Your thesis statement should indicate whether you think Humes objection und

Global warming

Based on our tips, forms, fallacies & all available evidence, is global warming real or a hoax: what's the most logical explanation for the claims of so many scientists that global warming is real & due in significant part to human activities?

use the quotes in the file and set up the ABC set to look like the sample paper. Read the files 50 fallacies, 10 truth tips, and 5 moral principles to apply for paper.
Uploaded additional materials:

Any topic (writer’s choice)

Based on our tips, forms, fallacies & all available evidence, is global warming real or a hoax: what's the most logical explanation for the claims of so many scientists that global warming is real & due in significant part to human activities?

use the quotes in the file and set up the ABC set to look like the sample paper. Read the files 50 fallacies, 10 truth tips, and 5 moral principles to apply for paper.

Any topic (writer’s choice)

Socrates said to his jurors, Are you not ashamed that, while you take care to acquire as much wealth as possible, with honor and glory as well, yet you take no care or thought for understanding truth, or for the best possible state of your soul?

I have to answer if I agree with this attitude and why!  Write and argument defending or rejecting it without any logical fallacies.

ethics religion

Textbook: Chapters 3, 4
Lesson
Minimum of 2 scholarly sources (in addition to the textbook)
Instructions
Review the following ethical dilemmas:

John Doe has decided to clone himself. He is sterile. He cannot find anyone to marry him. He wishes to have children. He knows that he will not be able to love a child that is adopted or not connected directly to him biologically. He will be making use of a new procedure that involves taking his skin cells to produce a twin. The twin starts out as an embryo and grows into a child. The child in this case will have the same genetic information as John Doe. John Doe and his child will be twins.
Jane Doe is eighteen. For as long as she can remember she has been sexually attracted to other females. Her parents belong to a religion that has a religious text stating that God forbids one to be a lesbian. This religion goes on further to say that lesbians will be punished in the afterlife. Jane Doe is debating whether she should te

Cultural Relativism and Moral Action

Required Resources
Read/review the following resources for this activity:

Textbook: Chapter 1, 2
Lesson
Minimum of 2 scholarly sources in addition to the textbook
Instructions
For this assignment propose a scenario where you or someone you know are confronted with a moral dilemma relating to cultural diversity and multiculturalism. It cannot be the same as what was covered in the week one discussion.

Cultural diversity refers to religious, sexual, racial, and other forms of social difference. A moral dilemma is a situation in which one must make a decision between two or more options such that the options involve seemingly ethical and/or unethical conduct. Address the following questions:

What was the situation? What did the dilemma involve?
What would a subjective moral relativist say is the right approach to the dilemma? Why would that kind of relativist say that?
What would a cultural relativist say is the right approach to the dilemma? Why
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